Visa Programs for High-Skilled Workers
Businesses depend on highly skilled foreign professionals to remain competitive in today’s global market. In recent years, however, arbitrary decision making by the immigration agencies has often prevented U.S. employers from hiring the best and the brightest. Inconsistent outcomes in cases with similar facts, inexplicably restrictive interpretations of legal requirements, and the proliferation of Requests for Evidence are among the many obstacles that unjustifiably prevent highly skilled professionals from obtaining visas to work in the United States. Moreover, the agencies’ frequent reliance on obscure guidance and unwritten policies complicates the task of challenging bad decisions through litigation.
The LAC is working to tackle these problems by using the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) to increase transparency and accountability, undertaking litigation where appropriate, and providing practice resources to help lawyers challenge unlawful agency action in court.
Microsoft Corporation, BALCA Case Nos. 2013-PER-01478, 2013-PER-02904, 2013-PER-02962 (BALCA amicus brief filed November 7, 2013). The American Immigration Council, in collaboration with AILA, filed an amicus brief in an en banc case pending before BALCA, an administrative body at the Department of Labor that reviews denials of PERM labor certifications. The case turned on the proper interpretation of 20 C.F.R. § 656.17(k)(1), which requires employers to notify certain U.S. employees that they have laid off about new job opportunities before the employers are permitted to hire foreign workers.
The brief focused on the agency’s failure to provide fair warning about its interpretation of the notification requirement before applying a new, more restrictive interpretation. The Department is notorious for failing to provide guidance and leaving it to employers to guess at what processes the Department will find to be in compliance with the regulations. Here, the Department offered no guidance, but, through a pattern of decision making, established a practice of approving certain notification procedures. Amici argued that the Department acted arbitrarily and violated due process when it did an about face without giving prior notice. The parties reached a settlement on December 11, 2013.
Work Authorization Pending Adjudication of Timely Filed H-1B Extension Application
El Badrawi v. United States, 787 F.Supp.2d 204 (D. Conn. amicus brief filed November 5, 2010). Adopting arguments made by the American Immigration Council and AILA in an amicus brief, this case confirms that the government may not arrest H-1B employees for whom timely-filed extension applications remain pending. The decision recognizes that 8 C.F.R. § 274a.12(b)(20) allows H-1B employees to continue working for 240 days pending the adjudication of their extension applications, and that “work authorization is part and parcel of their authorization to be in the country, not a separate matter.” Permitting the initiation of removal proceedings during this period would thus be unfair to employees and employers alike.
H-1B Fraud Investigations
AILA v. DHS, No. 10-01224 (D.D.C. filed July 20, 2010): On behalf of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA), the LAC, in cooperation with counsel at Steptoe & Johnson LLP, filed a FOIA lawsuit in July 2010 against DHS and USCIS seeking the public release of records concerning agency policies and procedures related to fraud investigations in the H-1B program. There was significant public interest in these records because USCIS’s H-1B practices have caused confusion and concern among U.S. businesses that legitimately depend on temporary foreign workers with specialized knowledge to operate successfully.
The complaint alleged that defendants violated FOIA when they wrongfully withheld information responsive to two FOIA requests and failed to timely respond to AILA’s requests. The complaint asked the court to enjoin defendants from continuing to withhold information relevant to the requests and to declare that the requested records are not exempt from disclosure. Read our statement regarding the complaint.
Following the release of some heavily redacted documents by USCIS and an exchange of summary judgment motions by both sides, Judge Emmet G. Sullivan issued a lengthy decision in March 2012 in which he denied the government’s motion and partially granted AILA’s motion. He found the government’s privilege log to be inadequate and ordered the agency to better explain its claimed exemptions in the form of a revised Vaughn index. Subsequently, USCIS agreed to disclose the documents in full.
- Press Release
- Complaint with initial FOIA requests and agency responses
- Defendant’s Motion for Summary Judgment
- Plaintiff’s Memorandum in Opposition to Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgment and in Support of Plaintiff’s Cross-Motion for Summary Judgment
- Defendant’s Motion to Withdraw Motion for Summary Judgment
- Plaintiff’s Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Support of Motion for Summary Judgment
- Defendants’ Cross-Motion for Summary Judgment
- Defendants’ Memorandum in Support of Cross-Motion for Summary Judgment
- Defendants’ Opposition to Plaintiff’s Statement of Material Facts Not in Genuine Dispute
- Plaintiff’s Reply Memorandum in Support of its Motion for Summary Judgment and in Opposition to Defendant’s Cross-Motion for Summary Judgment
- Plaintiff's Response to Defendants' Statement of Material Facts Not in Genuine Dispute and Plaintiff's Statement of Genuine Material Issues.
- Defendants’ Reply to Plaintiff’s Opposition to Defendant’s Cross-Motion for Summary Judgment
- March 30, 2012 Memorandum Opinion
- May 16, 2012 USCIS Letter
- Documents released by DHS and USCIS on May 18, 2012:
- October 31, 2008 Neufeld Memorandum, “H-1B Anti-Fraud Initiatives – Internal Guidance and Procedures in Response to Findings Revealed in H-11B Benefit Fraud and Compliance Assessment”
- H-1B Petition Fraud Referral Sheet
- Compliance Review Report
- Documents released by DHS and USCIS on November 9, 2012:
- H&L Fraud Referral Sheet
- H-1B BFCA Q&A
- Primary Fraud Indicators for Referral (9-23-12)
- Primary Fraud Indicators for Referral (8-28-12)
L-1B Adjudications: In April 2012, the American Immigration Council filed a FOIA request seeking records issued by USCIS and/or DHS, or used by USCIS and/or DHS, from January 2008 to the present, to instruct, train and/or guide (1) Immigration Service Officers or (2) employees of the Department of State, including but not limited to consular officers, on the adjudication of L-1B intracompany transferee petitions, including but not limited to the interpretation of the term “specialized knowledge”.
Entire Document Production, October 5, 2012
Mandamus Actions: Avoiding Dismissal and Proving the Case (August 6, 2009).
Whom to Sue and Whom to Serve (May 13, 2010)
Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA) Fee Application (December 15, 2008)